Advances in science and medicine have paved the way for brain injury rehabilitation, helping people who have sustained brain injuries to recover and become functional and productive.
People who have suffered from traumatic brain injuries can undergo head injury rehabilitation. The type of brain injury rehabilitation will depend on the type and the extent of the person’s brain injury. Usually, brain injury rehabilitation involves more than one healthcare provider. These healthcare providers typically work together to provide necessary treatments and therapy to help an injured patient regain as much cognitive or physical functions as possible. It is possible for people with brain injuries to return to their fully functional and productive selves with the help of aggressive rehabilitation.
After the Head Injury
Patients receive immediate treatment for the initial head injury in an intensive care unit of a hospital. Physicians will wait for the head injury to stabilize, after which they can determine the extent of the damage to the head. They then transfer the patient to another unit in the hospital, such as a sub-acute care, or transfer the patient to a rehabilitation hospital. Once the patient is relocated, a neuropsychologist will then evaluate all the aspects of the injury of the patient. This will help him assess what areas were damaged such as motor, language, behavioral and cognitive functions and ultimately, what method of rehabilitation is best for the patient. The brain injury rehabilitation must take into consideration the changing and the specific needs of the patient.
Since brain injuries are complex and affect many different functions of the body, it is very unlikely that only one caregiver will take care of the patient. Different people, such as speech pathologists, psychologists, occupational and physical therapists as well as social workers, will help the patient come to terms with his or her situation and the necessary lifestyle changes that he or she will have to make. As rehabilitation of the patient progresses, his or her care needs also change. A team coordinator will be assigned to the patient in order to keep track of the overall progress of the patient. As the patient progresses, they can adjust the schedule of therapy accordingly.
Complexities of Brain Injury Rehabilitation
Brain injury rehabilitation aims to repair damage and re-establish the connections that were damaged by the brain injury. However, brain injury rehabilitations do not only serve this main purpose, it also plays an important role in a patient’s ability to cope with the situation. Brain injuries, because they are complex, are often difficult to treat and not everyone is able to respond to treatment in the way they are supposed to. Patients are also provided with methods of coping and compensating for the damages that will not heal. Because the situation is sensitive, brain injury rehabilitation is very important as it will not only help in the physical healing process but in the mental and emotional aspects as well.