The psychotherapeutic treatment which helps patients comprehend and understand the feelings and the thoughts that influence behaviors is called cognitive behavioral therapy.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is usually used to treat various disorders such as phobias, addiction, anxiety and depression. This form of therapy is generally short-term. It focuses on helping clients or patients deal with specific problems. Patients or clients learn how to identify and change thought patterns that are destructive or disturbing which have negative effects and influences on a person’s behavior.
Cognitive behavioral therapy works on the basis that thoughts and feelings are important and play a fundamental role in a person’s behavior. For instance, a person who thinks a lot about runway accidents, plane crashes or air disasters are highly likely to avoid air travel. Cognitive behavioral therapy basically teaches patients to take control of how they interpret what happens around them in their environment even though they cannot control exactly what happens.
Effective Treatment for Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Because cognitive behavioral therapy is generally short-term, it is also more affordable than other forms or types of therapy. That is why it has been known to be popular both for treatment professionals and mental health consumers. Cognitive behavioral therapy is also proven by science and empirically supported, as it is proven to help patients overcome a wide range of behaviors that are maladaptive.
There are different kinds of approaches that are used for emotional disorders which can be done during cognitive behavioral therapy. Problematic behaviors can be caused by thoughts or feelings that reinforce people’s faulty beliefs. These thoughts may be about anything from family, romantic relationships to work and academics. These negative thinking patterns affect and influence a lot of people’s actual behavior. For instance, a person with low self-esteem is likely to avoid social situations or opportunities for advancement in work or in school.
Stages of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
A cognitive behavioral therapist helps patients to identify the beliefs that are problematic in order to fight the destructive thoughts and behaviors. This first stage is called functional analysis wherein the patient learns how thoughts, feelings and situations can contribute to their maladaptive behaviors. Although functional analysis may be difficult, especially for people who are introverts or like to keep to themselves, it can lead to self-discovery and insight which are vital aspects of the cognitive behavioral treatment process.
The next component of the cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on actual behaviors of the patient which contribute to their problem. To replace behaviors that should be stopped, new skills and practices are taught to patients that they can use in real-world situations.
Cognitive behavioral therapy helps to gradually guide a patient towards a behavior change.