Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy

Do you know someone who needs to relearn cognitive skills? Cognitive rehabilitation therapy aims to help people who have suffered brain injury or otherwise cognitive impaired individuals.

Anyone, from children to adults, who is experiencing neurological difficulties that interfere with his or her ability to perform everyday tasks, routines and responsibilities, can be a candidate for cognitive rehabilitation therapy. Cognitive rehabilitation therapy can improve, remediate and prevent the loss of different cognitive functions. CRT, as it is called, can also promote wellness.

Cognitive rehabilitation therapy is basically the process wherein cognitive skills that were lost are relearned. The loss or alteration of cognitive skills may be the result of damage to the brain cells or chemistry. If there are certain skills that cannot be relearned, new skills will be taught to compensate for the ones lost.

Below is a list of some of the most common diagnoses that can benefit from cognitive rehabilitation therapy.

  • Hypoxic brain injury
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke
  • ADHD and ADD
  • Psychiatric and other mental disorders
  • Dementia, as well as other cognitive disorders
  • Optic Neuritis
  • Aneurysm
  • Memory loss
  • Vision disability
  • Autism
  • Asperger’s
  • S/p brain tumor removal
  • AVM
  • Epilepsy
  • Encephalopathy
  • Lead poisoning
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Lyme disease

There are four components to the process of CRT:

  • Education
    This first process focuses on teaching the patient about cognitive weaknesses and strengths. As a first step, its focus is to help the patient develop awareness about the problem that he or she is facing.
  • Process Training
    This step is aimed to develop skills through retraining the patient and practicing his or her underlying cognitive skills. Here, the focus is on resolving the problem of the patient.
  • Strategy Training
    In some cases, not all skills are successfully retrained or relearned. It is in these cases where the patient makes use of environmental, internal and external strategies. The focus of this process is to compensate for lost skills rather than solving the problem.
  • Functional Activities Training
    This last process of the cognitive rehabilitation therapy is applying all three components in the patient’s everyday life. Real life improvements are the focus of this last process.

When undergoing cognitive rehabilitation therapy, patients can expect to achieve functional results by being guided to reinforce, strengthen and establish previously learned patterns of his or her behaviour. They can also be able to establish new patterns of cognitive mechanisms or activities in order to compensate for the neurological systems that have been impaired. Cognitive rehabilitation therapists also design interventions that are made to help the patient be able to manage his or her everyday tasks and responsibilities independently in their own home and their community.

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